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THE PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION (AMENDMENT)ACT, 2018


CHAPTER I:

Preliminary

  1. Short Title and Extent :
    1. This Act may be called the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act, 2018.

    2. It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir and it applies also to all citizens of India outside India.
  2. Definitions
  3. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

    1. "election" means any election, by whatever means held under any law for the purpose of selecting members of Parliament or of any Legislature, local authority or other public authority;
      1. “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act and the expression “prescribe” shall be construed accordingly;
    2. "public duty" means a duty in the discharge of which the State, the public or the community at large has an interest;
      Explanation.-In this clause "State" includes a corporation established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act, or an authority or a body owned or controlled or aided by the Government or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956.
    3. "public servant" means-
      1. any person in the service or pay of the Government or remunerated by the Government by fees or commission for the performance of any public duty;
      2. any person in the service or pay of a local authority ;
      3. any person in the service or pay of a corporation established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act, or an authority or a body owned or controlled or aided by the Government or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956;
      4. any Judge, including any person empowered by law to discharge, whether by himself or as a member of any body of persons, any adjudicatory functions;
      5. any person authorized by a court of justice to perform any duty, in connection with the administration of justice, including a liquidator, receiver or commissioner appointed by such court;
      6. any arbitrator or other person to whom any cause or matter has been referred for decision or report by a court of justice or by a competent public authority;
      7. any person who holds an office by virtue of which he is empowered to prepare, publish, maintain or revise an electoral roll or to conduct an election or part of an election;
      8. any person who holds an office by virtue of which he is authorised or required to perform any public duty;
      9. any person who is the president, secretary or other office-bearer of a registered co- operative society engaged in agriculture, industry, trade or banking, receiving or having received any financial aid from the Central Government or a State Government or from any corporation established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act, or any authority or body owned or controlled or aided by the Government or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956;
      10. any person who is a chairman, member or employee of any Service Commission or Board, by whatever name called, or a member of any selection committee appointed by such Commission or Board for the conduct of any examination or making any selection on behalf of such Commission or Board;
      11. any person who is a Vice-Chancellor or member of any governing body, professor, reader, lecturer or any other teacher or employee, by whatever designation called, of any University and any person whose services have been availed of by a University or any other public authority in connection with holding or conducting examinations;
      12. any person who is an office-bearer or an employee of an educational, scientific, social, cultural or other institution, in whatever manner established, receiving or having received any financial assistance from the Central Government or any State Government, or local or other public authority.
      13. Explanation 1.-Persons falling under any of the above sub-clauses are public servants, whether appointed by the Government or not.

        Explanation 2.-Wherever the words "public servant" occur, they shall be understood of every person who is in actual possession of the situation of a public servant, whatever legal defect there may be in his right to hold that situation.

    4. “undue advantage” means any gratification whatever, other than legal remuneration;
    5. Explanation: - For the purpose of this clause:-

      1. The word “gratification” is not limited to pecuniary gratifications or to gratifications estimable in money’
      2. The expression “legal remuneration” is not restricted to remuneration paid to a public servant, but includes all remuneration which he is permitted by the Government or the organization, which he serves, to receive’;

CHAPTER II:

APPOINTMENT OF SPECIAL JUDGES

  1. Power to appoint special Judges
    1. The Central Government or the State Government may, by notification in the. Official Gazette, appoint as many special Judges as may be necessary for such area or areas or for such case or group of cases as may be specified in the notification to try the following offences, namely: -
      1. any offence punishable under this Act; and
      2. any conspiracy to commit or any attempt to commit or any abetment of any of the offences specified in clause (a).
    2. A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a special Judge under this Act unless he is or has been a Sessions Judge or an Additional Sessions Judge or an Assistant Sessions Judge under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
  2. Cases triable by special Judges
    1. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, or in any other law for the time being in force, the offences specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 shall be tried by special Judges only.
    2. Every offence specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 shall be tried by the special Judge for the area within which it was committed, or, as the case may be, by the special Judge appointed for the case, or where there are more special Judges than one for such area, by such one of them as may be specified in this behalf by the Central Government.
    3. When trying any case, a special Judge may also try any offence, other than an offence specified in section 3, with which the accused may, under the Code of Criminal Procedure. 1973, be charged at the same trial.
    4. “Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, the trial of an offence shall be held, as far as practicable, on day-to-day basis and an endeavor shall be made to ensure that the said trial is concluded within a period of two years:

                 Provided that where the trial is not concluded within the said period, the special Judge shall record the reasons for not having done so:

                 Provided further that the said period may be extended by such further period, for reasons to be recorded in writing but not exceeding six months at a time; so, however, that the said period together with such extended period shall not exceed ordinarily four years in aggregate.’’.

  3. Procedure and powers of special Judge
    1. A special Judge may take cognizance of offences without the accused being committed to him for trial and, in trying the accused persons, shall follow the procedure prescribed by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. for the trial of warrant cases by Magistrates.
    2. A special Judge may, with a view to obtaining the evidence of any person supposed to have been directly or indirectly concerned in or privy to, an offence, tender a pardon to such person on condition of his making a full and true disclosure of the whole circumstances within his knowledge. relating to the offence and to every other person concerned, whether as principal or abettor, in the commission thereof and any pardon so tendered shall, for the purposes of sub-sections (1) to (5) of section 308 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, be deemed to have been tendered under section 307 of that Code.
    3. Save as provided in sub-sections (1) or sub-section (2), the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, shall, so far as they are not inconsistent with this Act, apply to the proceedings before a special Judge; and for the purposes of the said provisions, the Court of the special Judge shall be deemed to be a Court of Session and the person conducting a prosecution before a special Judge shall be deemed to be a public prosecutor.
    4. In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in sub- section (3), the provisions of sections 326 and 475 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, shall, so for as may be, apply to the proceedings before a special Judge and for the purposes of the said provisions, a special Judge shall be deemed to be a Magistrate
    5. A special Judge may pass upon any person convicted by him any sentence authorised by law for the punishment of the offence of which such person is convicted.
    6. A special Judge, while trying an offence punishable under this Act, shall exercise all the powers and functions exercisable by a District Judge under the Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944.
  4. Power to try summarily
    1. Where a special Judge tries any offence specified in sub-section (1) of section 3, alleged to have been committed by a public servant in relation to the contravention of any special order referred to in sub-section (1) of section 12A of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 or of an order referred to in clause (a) of sub-sectio style="text-align:left;"n (2) of that section, then, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 5 of this Act or section 260 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, the special Judge shall try the offence in a summary way, and the provisions of sections 262 to 265 (both inclusive) of the said Code shall, as far as may be, apply to such trial:
                Provided that, in the case of any conviction in a summary trial under this section, it shall be lawful for the special Judge to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year:
                Provided further that when at the commencement of, or in the course of, a summary trial under this section, it appears to the special Judge that the nature of the case is such that a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding one year may have to be passed or that it is, for any other reason, undesirable to try the case summarily, the special Judge shall, after hearing the parties, record an order to that effect and thereafter recall any witnesses who may have been examined and proceed to hear or re-hear the case in accordance with the procedure prescribed by the said Code for the trial of warrant cases by Magistrates.
    2. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act or in the code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, there shall be no appeal by a convicted person in any case tried summarily under this section in which the special Judge passes a sentence of imprisonment not exceeding one month, and of fine not exceeding two thousand rupees whether or not any order under section 452 of the said Code is made in addition to such sentence, but an appeal shall lie where any sentence in excess of the aforesaid limits is passed by the special Judge.

CHAPTER III:

OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

  1. Any public servant who,—
    1. obtains or accepts or attempts to obtain from any person, an undue advantage, with the intention to perform or cause performance of public duty improperly or dishonestly or to forbear or cause forbearance to perform such duty either by himself or by another public servant; or
    2. obtains or accepts or attempts to obtain, an undue advantage from any person as a reward for the improper or dishonest performance of a public duty or for forbearing to perform such duty either by himself or another public servant; or
    3. performs or induces another public servant to perform improperly or dishonestly a public duty or to forbear performance of such duty in anticipation of or in consequence of accepting an undue advantage from any person,
    4. shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three years but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine.

      Explanation 1.—For the purpose of this section, the obtaining, accepting, or the attempting to obtain an undue advantage shall itself constitute an offence even if the performance of a public duty by public servant, is not or has not been improper.

      llustration.—A public servant, ‘S’ asks a person, ‘P’ to give him an amount of five thousand rupees to process his routine ration card application on time. 'S' is guilty of an offence under this section.

      Explanation 2.—For the purpose of this section,—

      1. the expressions “obtains” or “accepts” or “attempts to obtain” shall cover cases where a person being a public servant, obtains or “accepts” or attempts to obtain, any undue advantage for himself or for another person, by abusing his position as a public servant or by using his personal influence over another public servant; or by any other corrupt or illegal means;
      2. it shall be immaterial whether such person being a public servant obtains or accepts, or attempts to obtain the undue advantage directly or through a third party which shall be not less than six months but which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.
      3. ‘‘7A. Whoever accepts or obtains or attempts to obtain from another person for himself or for any other person any undue advantage as a motive or reward to induce a public servant, by corrupt or illegal means or by exercise of his personal influence to perform or to cause performance of a public duty improperly or dishonestly or to forbear or to cause to forbear such public duty than three years but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine.

  2. (1) Any person who gives or promises to give an undue advantage to another person or persons, with intention
    1. to induce a public servant to perform improperly a public duty, or
    2. to reward such public servant for the improper performance of public duty;
    3. shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or with fine or with both:

      Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply where a person is compelled to give such undue advantage:

      Provided further that the person so compelled shall report the matter to the law enforcement authority or investigating agency within a period of seven days from the date of giving such undue advantage:

      Provided also that when the offence under this section has been committed by commercial organisation, such commercial organisation shall be punishable with fine.

      Illustration.—A person, ‘P’ gives a public servant, ‘S’ an amount of ten thousand rupees to ensure that he is granted a license, over all the other bidders. ‘P’ is guilty of an offence under this sub-section.

      Explanation.—It shall be immaterial whether the person to whom an undue advantage is given or promised to be given is the same person as the person who is to perform, or has performed, the public duty concerned, and, it shall also be immaterial whether such undue advantage is given or promised to be given by the person directly or through a third party.

      (2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall apply to a person, if that person, after informing a law enforcement authority or investigating agency, gives or promises to give any undue advantage to another person in order to assist such law enforcement authority or investigating agency in its investigation of the offence alleged against the later.

  3. (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a commercial organisation, such organisation shall be punishable with fine, if any person associated with such commercial organisation gives or promises to give any undue advantage to a public servant intending—
    1. to obtain or retain business for such commercial organization; or
    2. to obtain or retain an advantage in the conduct of business for such commercial organization:
    3. Provided that it shall be a defence for the commercial organisation to prove that it had in place adequate procedures of such guidelines as may be prescribed to prevent persons associated with it from undertaking such conduct

      (2) For the purpose of this section, a person is said to give or promise to give any undue advantage to a public servant, if he is alleged to have committed the offence under section 8, whether or not such person has been prosecuted for such offence

      (3) For the purposes of section 8 and this section;-

      1. “commercial organization” means
        1. a body which is incorporated in India and which carries on a business, whether in India or outside India.
        2. any other body which is incorporated outside India and which carries on a business, or part of a business, in any part of India;
        3. a partnership firm or any association of persons formed in India and which carries on a business whether in India or outside India; or
        4. any other partnership or association of persons which is formed outside India and which carries on a business, or part of a business, in any part of India;
      2. “business” includes a trade or profession or providing service;
      3. a person is said to be associated with the commercial organisation, if such person performs services for or on behalf of the commercial organisation irrespective of any promise to give or giving of any undue advantage which constitutes an offence under sub-section (1).

    Explanation 1.—The capacity in which the person performs services for or on behalf of the commercial organisation shall not matter irrespective of whether such person is employee or agent or subsidiary of such commercial organisation.

    Explanation 2.— Whether or not the person is a person who performs services for or on behalf of the commercial organisation is to be determined by reference to all the relevant circumstances and not merely by reference to the nature of the relationship between such person and the commercial organisation.

    Explanation 3.— If the person is an employee of the commercial organisation, it shall be presumed unless the contrary is proved that such person is a person who has performed services for or on behalf of the commercial organisation.

    (4) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, the offence under sections 7A, 8 and this section shall be cognizable.

    (5) The Central Government shall, in consultation with the concerned stakeholders including departments and with a view to preventing persons associated with commercial organisations from bribing any person, being a public servant, prescribe such guidelines as may be considered necessary which can be put in place for compliance by such organisations.

  4. Where an offence under section 9 is committed by a commercial organisation, and such offence is proved in the court to have been committed with the consent or connivance of any director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be of the commercial organisation, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three years but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine.
    Explanation: For the purpose of this section, “director”, in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.
  5. Public servant obtaining undue advantage, without consideration from person concerned in proceeding or business transacted by such public servant
    Whoever, being a public servant, accepts or obtains or attempts to obtain for himself, or for any other person, any undue advantage without consideration, or for a consideration which he knows to be inadequate, from any person whom he knows to have been, or to be, or to be likely to be concerned in any proceeding or business transacted or about to be transacted by such public servant, or having any connection with the official functions or public duty of himself or of any public servant to whom he is subordinate, or from any person whom he knows to be interested in or related to the person so concerned, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.
  6. Punishment for abetment of any offence Under this Act
    Whoever abets any offence punishable under this Act whether or not that offence is committed in consequence of that abetment, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall be not less than three years but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine
  7. Criminal misconduct by a public servant
    1. A public servant is said to commit the offence of criminal misconduct,—
      1. if he dishonestly or fraudulently misappropriates or otherwise converts for his own use any property entrusted to him or any property under his control as a public servant or allows any other person so to do; or
      2. if he intentionally enriches himself illicitly during the period of his office.

    Explanation 1.—A person shall be presumed to have intentionally enriched himself illicitly if he or any person on his behalf, is in possession of or has, at any time during the period of his office, been in possession of pecuniary resources or property disproportionate to his known sources of income which the public servant cannot satisfactorily account for.

    Explanation 2.—The expression ‘‘known sources of income’’ means income received from any lawful sources”.

    1. A public servant is said to commit the offence of criminal misconduct,-
    2. Any public servant who commits criminal misconduct shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall be not less than one year but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine.
  8. Habitual commission of any offence under this Act.

              Whoever convicted of an offence under this Act subsequently commits an offence punishable under this Act, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall be not less than five years but which may extend to ten years and shall also be liable to fine.”.

  9. Punishment for attempt

              Whoever attempts to commit an offence referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 13 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and with fine.

  10. Matters to be taken into consideration for fixing fine

              Where a sentence of fine is imposed. under “section 7 or section 8 or section 9 or section 10 or section 11 or sub-section (2) of section 13 or section 14 or section 15”, the court in fixing the amount of the fine shall taken into consideration the amount or the value of the property, if any, which the accused person has obtained by committing the offence or where the conviction is for an offence referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 13, the pecuniary resources or property referred to in that clause for which the accused person is unable to account satisfactorily.

CHAPTER IV

INVESTIGATION INTO CASES UNDER THE ACT

  1. Persons authorized to investigate
  2. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, no police officer below the rank,-

    1. in the case of the Delhi Special Police Establishment, of an Inspector of Police;
    2. in the metropolitan areas of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Ahmedabad and in any other metropolitan area notified as such under sub-section (1) of section 8 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, of an Assistant Commissioner of Police;
    3. elsewhere, of a Deputy Superintendent of Police or a police officer of equivalent rank, shall investigate any offence punishable under this Act without the order of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class, as the case may be, or make any arrest therefor without a warrant:
    4.             Provided that if a police officer not below the rank of an Inspector of Police is authorised by the State Government in this behalf by general or special order, he may also investigate any such offence without the order of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class, as the case may be, or make arrest therefor without a warrant:

                  Provided further that an offence referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 13 shall not be investigated without the older of a police officer not below the rank of a Superintendent of Police.

    17A. (1) No police officer shall conduct any enquiry or inquiry or investigation into any offence alleged to have been committed by a public servant under this Act, where the alleged offence is relatable to any recommendation made or decision taken by such public servant in discharge of his official functions or duties, without the previous approval—

    1. in the case of a person who is or was employed, at the time when the offence was alleged to have been committed, in connection with the affairs of the Union, of that Government;
    2. in the case of a person who is or was employed, at the time when the offence was alleged to have been committed, in connection with the affairs of a State, of that Government;
    3. in the case of any other person, of the authority competent to remove him from his office, at the time when the offence was alleged to have been committed:

                Provided that no such approval shall be necessary for cases involving arrest of a person on the spot on the charge of accepting or attempting to accept any undue advantage for himself or for any other person:

                Provided further that the concerned authority shall convey its decision under this section within a period of three months, which may, for reasons to be recorded in writing by such authority, be extended by a further period of one month.’’.

  3. Power to inspect bankers' books
  4.             If from information received or otherwise, a police officer has reason to suspect the commission of an offence which he is empowered to investigate under section 17 and considers that for the purpose of investigation or inquiry into such offence, it is necessary to inspect any bankers’ books, then, notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, he may inspect any bankers’ books in so far as they relate to the accounts of the persons suspected to have committed that offence or of any other person suspected to be holding money on behalf of such person, and take or cause to be taken certified copies of the relevant entries therefrom, and the bank concerned shall be bound to assist the police officer in the exercise of his powers under this section:

                Provided that no power under this section in relation to the accounts of any person shall be exercised by a police officer below the rank of a Superintendent of Police, unless he is specially authorised in this behalf by a police officer of or above the rank of a superintendent of Police.

                Explanation-In this section, the expressions "bank" and "bankers’ books" shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Bankers’ Books Evidence Act, 1891.

CHAPTER IVA

ATTACHMENT AND FORFEITURE OF PROPERTY

  1. 18A. (1) Save as otherwise provided under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002, the provisions of the Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944 shall, as far as may be, apply to the attachment, administration of attached property and execution of order of attachment or confiscation of money or property procured by means of an offence under this Act.
                For the purposes of this Act, the provisions of the Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944 shall have effect, subject to the modification that the references to “District Judge” shall be construed as references to “Special Judge”.’

CHAPTER V :

SANCTION FOR PROSECUTION AND OTHER MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

  1. Previous sanction necessary for prosecution
    1. No court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under section 7, 11, 13 and 15 alleged to have been committed by a public servant, except with the previous sanction,-
      1. in the case of a person who is employed, or as the case may be, was at the time of commission of the alleged offence employed in connection with the affairs of the Union and is not removable from his office save by or with the sanction of the Central Government, of that Government;
      2. in the case of a person who is employed, or as the case may be, was at the time of commission of the alleged offence employed in connection with the affairs of a State and is not removable from his office save by or with the sanction of the State Government, of that Government;
      3. in the case of any other person, of the authority competent to remove him from his office.
      4.          “Provided that no request can be made, by a person other than a police officer or an officer of an investigation agency or other law enforcement authority, to the appropriate Government or competent authority, as the case may be, for the previous sanction of such Government or authority for taking cognizance by the court of any of the offences specified in this sub-section, unless—

        1. Such person has filed a complaint in a competent court about the alleged offences for which the public servant is sought to be prosecuted; and
        2. The court has not dismissed the complaint under section 203 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 and directed the complainant to obtain the sanction for prosecution against the public servant for further proceeding:

                        Provided further that in the case of request from the person other than a police officer or an officer of an investigation agency or other law enforcement authority, the appropriate Government or competent authority shall not accord sanction to prosecute a public servant without providing an opportunity of being heard to the concerned public servant:

                        Provided also that the appropriate Government or any competent authority shall, after the receipt of the proposal requiring sanction for prosecution of a public servant under this sub-section, endeavour to convey the decision on such proposal within a period of three months from the date of its receipt:

                        Provided also that in case where, for the purpose of grant of sanction for prosecution, legal consultation is required, such period may, for the reasons to be recorded in writing, be extended by a further period of one month:

                        Provided also that the Central Government may, for the purpose of sanction for prosecution of a public servant, prescribe such guidelines as it considers necessary.

        Explanation.— For the purposes of sub-section (1), the expression "public servant" includes such person—

        1. who has ceased to hold the office during which the offence is alleged to have been committed; or
        2. who has ceased to hold the office during which the offence is alleged to have been committed and is holding an office other than the office during which the offence is alleged to have been committed.
    2. Where for any reason whatsoever any doubt arises as to whether the previous sanction as required under sub-section (1) should be given by the Central Government or the State Government or any other authority, such sanction shall be given by that Government or authority which would have been competent to remove the public servant from his office at the time when the offence was alleged to have been committed.
    3. Notwithstanding anything contained in the code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,-
      1. no finding, sentence or order passed by a special Judge shall be reversed or altered by a Court in appeal, confirmation or revision on the ground of the absence of, or any error, omission or irregularity in, the sanction required under sub-section (1), unless in the opinion of that court, a failure of justice has in fact been occasioned thereby;
      2. no court shall stay the proceedings under this Act on the ground of any error, omission or irregularity in the sanction granted by the authority, unless it is satisfied that such error, omission or irregularity has resulted in a failure of justice;
      3. no court shall stay the proceedings under this Act on any other ground and no court shall exercise the powers of revision in relation to any interlocutory order passed in any inquiry, trial, appeal or other proceedings.
    4. In determining under sub-section (3) whether the absence of, or any error, omission or irregularity in, such sanction has occasioned or resulted in a failure of justice the court shall have regard to the fact whether the objection could and should have been raised at any earlier stage in the proceedings.
    5. Explanation.-For the purposes of this section,-

      1. error includes competency of the authority to grant sanction;
      2. a sanction required for prosecution includes reference to any requirement that the prosecution shall be at the instance of a specified authority or with the sanction of a specified person or any requirement of a similar nature.
  2. Presumption where public servant accepts gratification other than legal remuneration
  3.            Where, in any trial of an offence punishable under section 7 or under section 11, it is proved that a public servant accused of an offence has accepted or obtained or attempted to obtain for himself, or for any other person, any undue advantage from any person, it shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that he accepted or obtained or attempted to obtain that undue advantage, as a motive or reward under section 7 for performing or to cause performance of a public duty improperly or dishonestly either by himself or by another public servant or, as the case may be, any undue advantage without consideration or for a consideration which he knows to be inadequate under section 11.".

  4. Accused person to be a competent witness
  5.            Any person charged with an offence punishable under this Act, shall be a competent witness for the defence and may give evidence on oath in disproof of the charges made against him or any person charged together with him at the same trial: Provided that-

    1. he shall not be called as a witness except at his own request;
    2. his failure to give evidence shall not be made the subject of any comment by the prosecution or give rise to any presumption against himself or any person charged together with him at the same trial;
    3. he shall not be asked, and if asked shall not be required to answer, any question tending to show that he has committed or been convicted of any offence other than the offence with which he is charged, or is of bad character, unless-
      1. the proof that he has committed or been convicted of such offence is admissible evidence to that he is guilty of the offence with which he is charged, or
      2. he has personally or by his pleader asked any question of any witness for the prosecution with a view to establish his own good character, or has given evidence of his good character, or the nature or conduct of the defence is such as to involve imputations on the character of the prosecutor or of any witness for the prosecution, or
      3. he has given evidence against any other person charged with the same offence.
  6. The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 to apply subject to certain modifications
  7.            The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, shall in their application to any proceeding in relation to an offence punishable under this Act have effect as if,-

    1. in sub-section (1) of section 243, for the words "The accused shall then be called upon", the words "The accused shall then be required to give in writing at once or within. such time as the Court may allow, a list of the persons (if any) whom he proposes to examine as his witnesses and of the documents (if any) on which he proposes to rely and he shall then be called upon" had been substituted;
    2. in sub-section (2) of section 309, after the 'third proviso, the following proviso had been inserted, namely:-
    3.        "Provided also that the proceeding shall not be adjourned or postponed merely on the ground that an application under section 397 has been made by a party to the proceeding.";

    4. after sub-section (2) of section 317, the following sub-section had been inserted, namely:- "(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), the Judge may, if he thinks fit and for reasons to be recorded by him, proceed with inquiry or trial in the absence of the accused or his pleader and record the evidence of any witness subject to the right of the accused to recall the witness for cross-examination.";
    5. in sub-section (1) of section 397, before the Explanation, the following proviso had been inserted, namely:-
    6.        "Provided that where the powers under this section are exercised by a Court on an application made by a party to such proceedings, the Court shall not ordinarily call for the record of the proceedings:-

      1. without giving the other party an opportunity of showing cause why the record should not be called for; or
      2. (b) if it is satisfied that an examination of the record of the proceedings may be made from the certified copies.".
  8. Particulars in a charge in relation to an offence under section 13(1) (A).
  9.            Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, when an accused is charged with an offence under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 13, it shall be sufficient to describe in the charge the property in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been committed , and the dates between which the offence is alleged to have been committed, without specifying particular items or exact dates, and the charge so framed shall be deemed to be a charge of one offence within the meaning of section 219 of the said Code: Provided that the time included between the first and last of such dates shall not exceed one year.

  10. Omitted
  11. Military, Naval and Air Force or other law not to be affected
    1. Nothing in this Act shall affect the jurisdiction exercisable by, or the procedure applicable to, any court or other authority under the Army Act. 1950, the Air Force Act, 1950, the Navy Act, 1957, the Border Security Force Act, 1968, the Coast Guard Act, 1978 and the National Security Guard Act, 1986.
    2. For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that for the purposes of any such law as is referred to in sub-section (1), the court of a special Judge shall be deemed to be a court of ordinary criminal justice.
  12. Special Judges appointed under Act 46 of 1952 to be special Judges appointed under this Act
  13. Every special Judge appointed under the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1952,, for any area or areas and is holding office on the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to be a special Judge appointed under section 3 of this Act for that area or areas and, accordingly, on and from such commencement, every such Judge shall continue to deal with all the proceedings pending before him on such commencement in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

  14. Appeal and revision
  15. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the High Court may exercise, so far as they may be applicable, all the powers of appeal and revision conferred by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 on a High Court as if the court of special Judge were a court of Session trying cases within the local limits of the High Court.

  16. Act to be in addition to any other law
  17. The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other law for the time being in force, and nothing contained herein shall exempt any public servant from any proceeding which might, apart from this Act, be instituted against him.

  18. Amendment of the Ordinance 38 of 1944
  19. In the Criminal Law Amendment Ordinance, 1944,-

    1. in sub-section (1) of section 3, sub-section (1) of sector 9, clause (a) of section 10, sub- section (1) of section 11 and sub-section (1) of section 13, for the words "State Government", wherever they occur, the words "State Government or, as the case may be, the Central Government" shall be substituted;
    2. in section 10, in clause (a), for the words " three months", the words "one year" shall be substituted;
    3. in the Schedule,-
      1. paragraph 1 shall be omitted;
      2. in paragraphs 2 and 4,-
        1. after the words "a local authority", the words and figures "or a corporation established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act, or an authority or a body owned or controlled or aided by Government or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 or a society aided by such corporation, authority. body or Government company" shall be inserted;
        2. after the words "or authority", the words "or corporation or body or Government company or society" shall be inserted;
      3. for paragraph 4A, the following paragraph shall be substituted, namely: - "4A. An offence punishable under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.";
      4. in paragraph 5, for the words and figures "items 2, 3 and 4", the words, figures and letter "items 2, 3, 4 and 4A" shall be substituted.

    29A. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.

    2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—

    1. Guidelines which can be put in place by commercial organization under section 9;".
    2. guidelines for sanction of prosecution under sub-section (1) of “ section 19”
    3. any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.

    3) Every rule made under this Act, shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule, or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.”.

  20. Repeal and saving
    1. The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1947 and the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1952 are hereby repealed.
    2. Notwithstanding such repeal, but without prejudice to the application of section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897, anything done or any action taken or purported to 'have been done or taken under or in pursuance of the Acts so repealed shall, in so far as it is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken, under or in pursuance of the corresponding provision of this Act.
  21. Omission of certain sections of Act 45 of 1860
  22. Sections 161 to 165A (both inclusive) of the Indian Penal Code shall be omitted, and section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897, shall apply to such omission as if the said sections had been repealed by a Central Act.

    19. In the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002, in Part A of the Schedule, for paragraph 8, the following Paragraph shall be substituted, namely:-

    “PARAGRAPH 8
    OFFENCES UNDER THE PRVENTION OF CORRUPTION ACT, 1988.
    (49 OF 1988}

    Section Description of offence.

    1. Offences relating to public servant being bribed.
    2. 7A. Taking undue advantage to influence public servant by corrupt or illegal means or by exercise of personal influence.

    3. Offence relating to bribing a public servant.
    4. Offence relating to bribing a public servant by a commercial organization.
    5. Person in charge of commercial organization to be guilty of offence.
    6. Public servant obtaining undue advantage, without consideration from person concerned in proceeding or business transacted by such public servant.
    7. Punishment for abetment of offences.
    8. Criminal misconduct by a public servant.
    9. Punishment for habitual offender”
  • The sentences/paragraphs marked bold indicates incorporations / insertions /substitutes / amendments and omissions as per the amended Act in the old Act.