The Anti-Corruption Bureau is a specialized agency tackling the problem of corruption in various departments of the Government against Public Servants and also Private
Persons whoever abet the offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The Bureau registers cases under the provisions of this Act. Besides this,the Bureau
conducts enquiries basing on the information/pe titions received from various agencies like Government, Vigilance Commission, Lokayukta etc.and also on the information/
petitions received by the Bureau from the public containing specific and verifiable allegations of corruption against Public Servants.
After bifurcation of the State, the Bureau is headed by the Diretor General of the rank of Director General of Police. He is assisted by 1 Director Cadre) 2 Additional Director (D.I.G Rank) 7 Joint Director (3 Cadre S.Ps & 4 Non-S.Ps) Cadre, 9 Addl. Supdt of Police.
The Bureau has been divided into 14 Ranges including C.I.U in Andhra Pradesh. The Bureau has Technical Officers like Engineers, Chartered Accountant, ect, to assist in investigation and legal Officers to tender advice and to conduct prosecutions in Courts including in the Hon'ble High Court and Tribunal for Disciplinary Proceedings.
The Bureau basically enforces the provisions of the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 and P.C Act (Amendement) Act, 2018. Disproportionate Asset cases were registered under section 13(2) r/w13(1)(e) of PC Act 1988 till 25.7.2018 and under 13(1)(b) of P.C (Amendement) Act, 2018 from 26.7.2018. The Bureau has suo-moto powers to collect information, conduct enquiries and register cases against the public Servants and also against private reasons for some offences. The Bureau Organises traps and investigates cases of Criminal misconduct, misappropriation ect., Further, the Bureau also conducts enquiries in the form of Regular Enquiries, Discreet Enquiries and also conducts Surprise Checks on certain Government Departments wherein rampant corruption is reported to be taking place.
After completion of investigation/enquiries, Final Reports will be sent Government through the Vigilance Commission who will advice the Government to take further action like prosection of Accused Public Servant/placing the Accused Officers on their defence before the Tribunal for Disciplinary Proceedings/before the Commissioner of Enquiries /Departmental Enquiry for violation of relevant Conduct Rules or to Drop further action.
For prosecution of a Public Servant, the authority competent to remove him has to accord sanction for prosecution.
Conviction in a court leads to the dismissal of the convicted Public Servant Further, in Disproportionate Asset cases, the properties held to be acquired disproportionate to his known sources of income would be ordered to be confiscated to the State. In Department action, the Public Servant is awarded a major or a minor punishment depending on the gravity of the delinquency under the A.P.C.S. (CCA) Rules, 1991 Major punishments are dismissal, removal, reduction in Rank, withholding of increments with cumulative effects, cut or stoppage of pension for retired employees, ect., and minor punishmnets are withholding of increments without cumulative effect, censure, recorded warning, ect.