The Anti-Corruption Bureau is a specialized agency tackling the problem of corruption in various departments of the Government against Public Servants and also Private Persons whoever abet the offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The Bureau registers cases under the provisions of this Act. Besides this,the Bureau conducts enquiries basing on the information/petitions received from various agencies like Government, Vigilance Commission, Lokayukta etc.and also on the information/petitions received by the Bureau from the public containing specific and verifiable allegations of corruption against Public Servants.
This Bureau was established on January 2, 1961 and functions directly under the administrative control of the General Administration Department of Andhra Pradesh Government The Director General, who is a senior IPS officer of the rank of DGP,heads the Bureau. He is assisted by One Additional Director (D.I.G rank) and One Additional Director(D.I.G rank),One Special Additional Director(D.I.G rank) and Six Joint Directors (3 Cadre SP's & 3 Non Cadre SP's ) Cadre, Two Additional Supdt.,.of Police.
The Bureau is divided into 9 Ranges, in Andhra Pradesh. Each Range encompasses one or more Districts. Each District is headed by One Deputy Supdt., of Police. The Bureau is also having Additional S.Ps. in the Headquaters. The Bureau is having Technical Officers like Engineers, Chartered Accountant, etc. It is also having legal officers to tender advise on legal matters to conduct prosecution in Courts and Tribunal for Disciplinary Proceedings.
The Bureau basically enforces the provisions of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. The Bureau has suo-moto powers to collect information, conduct enquiries and register cases on Public Servants. The Bureau investigates Disproportionate Assets Cases of Criminal misconduct and misappropriation. Apart from that the Bureau also conducts enquiries in the form of Regular Enquiries, Discreet Enquiries and also conducts Surprise Checks in areas of rampant corruption.
After completion of investigation and enquiries, a final report is sent to Government through the Vigilance Commissioner who tenders his advice to the Government. Depending on the merits of the case, the further course of action may be either to file charges or to drop action. If the evidence is not enough for launching prosecution in a case, the case is referred to the Tribunal for Disciplinary Proceedings, Commissioner of Enquiries or to the Department concerned for taking further action by dealing with the Public Servant on charges of misconduct, possessing disproportionate Assets and violation A.P.C.S. (Conduct) Rules, 1964.
For prosecution of a Public Servant the authority competent to remove him has to accord sanction for prosecution.
Conviction in a court leads to dismissal of the convicted Public Servant, whereas in departmental action the Public Servant is awarded a major punishment or a minor punishment depending on the gravity of the delinquency under the A.P.C.S. (CCA) Rules, 1991. Major punishment involves dismissal, removal, reduction in Rank, withholding of increments with cumulative effect, cut or stoppage of pension for retired employees, etc. Minor punishments are withholding of increments without cumulative effect, censure, recorded warning, etc.